How to avoid legal headaches for (architect) dummies

Submitted by digital on Wed, 12/10/2014 - 16:19
{"version":"0.3.0","atoms":[],"cards":[["images-card",{"images":[{"url":"http:\/\/\/dpcbzfiye\/image\/upload\/v1460390344\/fudoaxmg7knasypcr6yt.jpg","id":"6041"}],"caption":"Ismaili Jamatkhana House of Worship, Bailey Edward Design, Glenview, Illinois"}],["images-card",{"images":[{"url":"http:\/\/\/dpcbzfiye\/image\/upload\/v1460390568\/usy3h9xegst3x02qclmr.jpg","id":"6051"}],"caption":"Ismaili Jamatkhana House of Worship, Bailey Edward Design, Glenview, Illinois"}],["images-card",{"images":[{"url":"http:\/\/\/dpcbzfiye\/image\/upload\/v1460390499\/qmj1urs2la1fcygpdqtr.jpg","id":"6046"}],"caption":"Peoples Bank, Bailey Edward Design, Downs, Illinois"}],["images-card",{"images":[{"url":"http:\/\/\/dpcbzfiye\/image\/upload\/v1460390651\/kbjpev8hlj337ctkozlc.jpg","id":"6056"}],"caption":"Pine-Richland High School, Eckles Architecture and Engineering, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania"}],["images-card",{"images":[{"url":"http:\/\/\/dpcbzfiye\/image\/upload\/v1460390730\/tfol1o62mblidvq1dfht.jpg","id":"6061"}],"caption":"Froedtert Hospital and Community Health Clinical Cancer Center, Cannon Design, Milwaukee, Wisconsin"}]],"markups":[["a",["href","http:\/\/\/contractdocs\/","target","_new"]],["strong"],["em"],["a",["href","http:\/\/\/blog\/aia-contract-documents\/","target","_new"]]],"sections":[[1,"p",[[0,[],0,"Contracting an architectural project, on a large or small scale, can get messy without proper documentation and legal agreements. As more players become involved in the process, a firm needs increased legal protections and clear delineations of responsibilities, roles, and permissions on and off the construction site."]]],[1,"p",[[0,[],0,"\u201cThe contract is in place to make sure that everybody understands the project in the same manner, from the beginning,\u201d said Ellen Bailey Dickson, founding principal at Bailey Edward Design in Chicago. \u201cYou\u2019re managing expectations. The more upfront you can be, the more smoothly the process will go.\u201d"]]],[10,0],[1,"p",[[0,[0],1,"AIA Contract Documents"],[0,[],0," encompass a myriad of document category options and are backed by over 100 years of industry acceptance. Bailey Edward Design has used them to ensure that legal agreements are effective, and that the relationships built upon them go smoothly."]]],[1,"p",[[0,[],0,"The American Institute of Architects organizes the contract documents into 11 families, based on project type. The agreements range from the conventional design-bid-build model \u2014 one that involves the architect and construction contractors \u2014 to documents to establish protocols for use of digital data. Each document provides firms with a standard legal agreement but is also customizable to specific needs."]]],[1,"p",[[0,[],0,"\u0022AIA Contract Documents put the architect in a better position to negotiate for additional services by having an [addendum] list,\u201d said Dickson. And the firm\u0027s diverse projects only benefit."]]],[10,1],[1,"p",[[0,[],0,"For this $5 million project, Bailey Edward chose AIA document B101\u2122\u20132007, Standard Form of Agreement Between Owner and Architect, which covers five basic project phases \u2014 schematic design, design development, construction documents, bidding or negotiation, and construction \u2014 with the option of an additional services list. Used in conjunction with document A201\u2122\u20132007, General Conditions of the Contract for Construction, the duties of the project architect, contractor, and owner are spelled out."]]],[1,"p",[[0,[],0,"\u0022B101 has enough detail to cover a larger project,\u0022 said Dickson, referring to the Ismaili Jamatkhana project. \u0022We had a lot of civil engineering and landscape design that needed to be done, as well as all the interior furniture furnishings and equipment. The A201 reference helps the architect have some latitude, with his drawings as intent. There will be some discussion.\u0022"]]],[10,2],[1,"p",[[0,[],0,"This project \u2014 an outlet building in a shopping mall complex \u2014 involved an owner and a consultant he hired. It required document B101\u2122\u20132007 along with a C401\u2122\u20132007, Standard Form of Agreement Between Architect and Consultant to delineate rules for each party. Particularly as a means of coordination between the firm\u0027s civil engineer and the developer\u0027s engineers, the documents established a framework that would assure proper land use and traffic circulation on the site."]]],[1,"p",[[0,[],0,"\u0022The Peoples Bank was being built from the cornfield up.\u0022 Dickson said. \u0022It is set up in a newly burgeoning community and was going to be a real landmark for people. We were able to use the documents to really define what the project was and how to coordinate with the developer and the work around it.\u0022"]]],[1,"p",[[0,[],0,"AIA Contract Documents streamline all stages of the architectural process, Dickson said. \u201cThat\u2019s what I like about the them. Their clarity is important at any bumps in the road.\u0022"]]],[1,"p",[[0,[],0,"With building projects ranging from local banks to hospital complexes, firms across the country have benefitted from the documents\u0027 ease and convenience, and have the client satisfaction to prove it. Here are a few other projects that have relied on AIA Contract Documents to establish legal guidelines."]]],[10,3],[1,"p",[[0,[],0,"AIA Contract Document used: A232\u2122\u20132009, General Conditions of the Contract for Construction, Construction Manager as Adviser Edition"]]],[1,"p",[[0,[],0,"In a three-year collaboration between Eckles Architecture and PJ Dick, Inc., the owner\u0027s construction management company, Pine-Richland High School was updated and expanded to benefit its STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts, Mathematics) program. A new two-story wing houses technology-outfitted labs and classrooms. A roof garden provides educational opportunities for students and offers environmental benefits, since it absorbs rainwater and releases oxygen."]]],[10,4],[1,"p",[[0,[],0,"AIA Contract Document used: B141\u2122\u20131997, Standard Form of Agreement Between Owner and Architect with Standard Form of Architect\u0027s Services"],[0,[1],1,"*"]]],[1,"p",[[0,[],0,"The expansion of this cancer treatment center allowed for more seamless links between wards for patients requiring a variety of treatments. Efficiency in patient care is enhanced in this seven-story complex, which houses radiation oncology, hematology, medical oncology, clinics, clinical research, faculty offices, and patient and family support areas. Featuring a large glass atrium, the firm\u0027s design emphasizes views of the site\u0027s surrounding wetlands."]]],[1,"p",[[0,[1],1,"*"],[0,[2],1,"THE DOCUMENT USED ON THIS PROJECT, B141-1997 STANDARD FORM OF AGREEMENT BETWEEN OWNER AND ARCHITECT WITH STANDARD FORM OF ARCHITECT\u0027S SERVICES, EXPIRED. THE PART 1 OF THE DOCUMENT EXPIRED IN 2010 AND IS NOW REPLACED BY B102\u2122\u20132007 (FORMERLY B141\u2122-1997 PART 1), STANDARD FORM OF AGREEMENT BETWEEN OWNER AND ARCHITECT WITHOUT A PREDEFINED SCOPE OF ARCHITECT\u2019S SERVICES. PART 2 OF THE ORIGINAL DOCUMENT EXPIRED IN 2009 AND IS NOW REPLACED BY B201\u2122\u20132007, STANDARD FORM OF ARCHITECT\u2019S SERVICES: DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION."]]],[1,"p",[[0,[2],0,"This article was originally published on "],[0,[3],1,"Architizer"],[0,[],1,"."]]]]}
Learn about AIA Contract Documents through a series of project case studies.
Members Only
Tile Sizes
Use on Homepage
Temp Draft